Periodontal (gum) disease
Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the gums that will deteriorate the bone and gums around your teeth. Plaque, an opaque film on the teeth is the first stage that then hardens to form tartar. Tartar is the staging ground for bacteria that attacks the soft tissue around the gums. This stage is called Gingivitis an early stage of gum disease. Left untreated, Gingivitis becomes Periodontitis which ultimately destroys the tissue surrounding your teeth AND the bone that holds your teeth in place. These diseases have very few warning signs except for bad breath and gums that bleed. The disease advances silently, often without pain, and before you know it, you are losing your teeth and you don’t know why.
Tooth loss is only the most obvious indicator of gum disease. Stroke, heart disease, diabetes have all been linked to gum disease by scientific research – even an increased risk for pregnant women. When your gums become diseased, your entire immune system is weakened.